Trekking is one of the best ways to get in touch with nature and enjoy the beautiful world around you. Trekking is an adventure sports which involves some kind of risk. One need to take proper precautions or it could be fatal.
What are those life threatening dangers you need to take care on your next trekking adventure trip.
This may be the biggest danger on the trail especially high altitude trekking in Indian Himalayas. Many people underestimate the amount of water they need when engaged in a vigorous activity. At an altitude one looses more water than then at lower altitudes while breathing because the air is dry due to severe cold it extracts more water from your body. Because of lower temperatures people don’t feel like drinking cold water and end up being dehydrated. Signs of dehydration include thirst, sticky and dry mouth, reduced urine output, headache, dizziness and fatigue. Drink at least 3 liters of water for 4-5 Hours of hike, you can drink more than that but not less.
In addition to drinking plenty of water, you must protect yourself from the sun when you are on the trail. Sunburns are painful enough, but extreme sun damage can actually lead to infection, shock, and even death. Sun damage can also cause mutations in the skin that may result in skin cancer. Use sunscreen and reapply often, wear a wide-brimmed hat and wear clothing to protect your skin from the sun if possible. Bandanas and protective clothing are more effective than sunscreens.
Whether you are talking about plants, insects or other animals are aware that poisonous living things lurk on the trail. Know how to recognize poisonous trees, plants, shrubs etc. The simplest way in Himalayas is ask the shepherds which you find everywhere or villager enroute and don’t be Gama in theland of Lamameans no experiments.
Just as dangerous as the poisonous creatures are the parasites you may encounter on the trail. Don’t ever drink or swim in stagnant water, which can be the home of worms, bacteria and even deadly amoebas.
The weather can be extremely dangerous for a hiker. You should take care to track the weather before you hit the trail, and have a plan in case of inclement weather erupts when you are in the middle of your hike. I had a very bad experience while we were trekking in Sikkim,India. During our camping in Dzongri storm blew our tents, we couldn’t sleep; our eyes were full of dust. These conditions lead to acute AMS. When your body is acclimatizing for the change environment and you get bad weather that means your body needs to work hard….chances are high that AMS will hit you.
If you will be Trekking far away from your vehicle, make sure you have a plan in place in case bad weather sneaks up on you. Carry a weather radio if possible so that you can get updates on any storms heading your way. And make sure someone knows where you are in case the worst case scenario comes your way. Always be safe on the trail.