RSS

Category Archives: Photography

Photography is the art, science and practice of creating durable images by recording light or other electromagnetic radiation, either electronically by means of an image sensor or chemically

Trekking – Long Weekend 2015 India.

Trekking – Long Weekend 2015 India.
Plan your Trekking Holidays with these Long Weekend 2015 India.
 
Plan your trek in himalayas during these long weekends 2015 India. Year 2015 is packed with three to four day weekend take few days off and you can go for perfect trek in the himalayas or on an adventure trip of your choice. Year 2015 will also give you an opportunity to plan a 10 day holiday to plan a trekking expedition or Leh Ladakh Jeep Safari for 10 days.
 
trekking long weekend 2015 India
 
 

Tags: , , , , ,

Adventure Holiday Idea – Khati Village

Adventure Holiday Idea – Khati Village
Adventure Holiday Idea
Want to stay in a place which is closer to nature and away from all the chaos then head to Khati Village. Khati is a Village in Kapkote Tehsil in Bageshwar District of Uttarakhand State, India. It is located 20 KM towards East from District head quarters Bageshwar. 216 KM from State capital Dehradun.

Stay: Khati has PWD guest house and homestays

Best time to Go: April to Sep even Monsoons are amazing. Picture is in the month of August.

Khati is the last village on Pindari Glacier Trek and Sunderdhunga Trek

How to reach: You can hire a cab from Kathgodam Railway Station and takes around 7 – 10 hours to reach Saung Village from where one can start the trek to Loharkhet and next day trek to Khati village via Dhakuri pass and reach Khati and if road is opened then you can drive to Khati instead of trekking.

By Road
Saung to Bageshwar 36 km.
Saung to Almora 109 km.
Saung to Kathgodam 199 km.
Trek to Khati Village Base Camp Saung
Saung to Loharkhet 3 km trek,
Lohaekhet to Dhakuri 11 km,
Dhakuri to Khati 8 km,

Adventure Holiday Idea

Trail leads to Khati Village

Water Fall Near Khati Village

Water Fall Near Khati Village

View From Pindari Glacier Trek

View From Pindari Glacier Trek

 

Tags: , ,

Hidden Treasures of India

Best places for travel and exploring in India which are not overcrowded with tourists.

Dzuko Valley, Nagaland 

Dzuko Valley, Nagaland

Dzuko Valley, Nagaland

The Dzuko Valleyis a valley located at the border of the Indian states of Nagaland and Manipur. This valley is well known for its natural beauty, seasonal flowers and the overall flora and fauna. Dzükou derives its meaning from the Angami/Mao word which translates to “Cold Water” referring to the ice cold stream that flows through the valley. It is situated at an altitude of 2438 m above sea level, behind the Japfü Peak located in Nagaland.

Neora Valley National Park, West Bengal

Neora Valley National Park, West Bengal

Neora Valley National Park, West Bengal

Sprawling over 88 square kilometers of unexplored region, Neora Valley National Park is one of the richest biological zones in the entire northeastern belt of India. It was established in the year 1986 and till today, remains the undisturbed natural habitat of unique flora and fauna. The national park enjoys the distinction of being situated over one of the oldest reserve forests in India. Much of the region still remains unexplored, thanks to the inaccessible hilly terrains. Such is the luxurious growth in the area that even sunlight fails to seep in over some of the parts of the park.

Lonar crater lake

Lonar crater lake

Lonar crater lake

A lake created by meteor impact approximately 50,000 years ago. World’s third largest crater lake.

Gandikota

Gandikota

Gandikota

Gandikota acquired its name from the picturesque gorge (called Gandi in Telugu) formed between the Erramalai hills, which are also called the Gandikota hills.This place is also known as grand canyon of India

Abhaneri Step Well – Chand Baori

Abhaneri Step Well - Chand Baori

Abhaneri Step Well – Chand Baori

This is a lesser known tourist destination near Jaipur. Abhaneri Step Well is a water reservoir dating back to 9th century AD. It has beautiful architecture and maze of stairs. Its is around 100 kms from Jaipur in Dausa district of Rajasthan.

Sela pass

Sela pass

Sela pass

Arunachal Pradesh has several high mountain passes, but the standout among them is the Sela Pass. At an altitude of more than 13,000 feet, the gorgeous mountain pass connects Tawang to other parts of the country.

Touphema Village

Touphema Village

Touphema Village

Located about 40 km from the capital of Nagaland, Kohima is the Touphema Village. It is a cultural village where you get to know the traditional life of the Nagas in an intimate manner. You get to stay in quaint huts, enjoy bonfire dinners, cultural dances and more.

Nohsngithiang Waterfalls

Nohsngithiang Waterfalls

Nohsngithiang Waterfalls

Also known as the Seven Sister Waterfalls, they are located a little distance away from the village of Mawsmai. The waterfalls get their name because they are a seven segmented fall. You can see seven separate streams of water falling down from the cliff. One of the highest waterfalls of India, they are spectacle during the rainy season, when they are in full flow.

Chemdey Monastery

Chemdey Monastery

Chemdey Monastery

This is a 1664 Buddhist monastery, approximately 40 kilometres (25 mi) east of Leh, Ladakh, northern India. It belongs to the Drugpa monastic order and was founded by the Lama Tagsang Raschen and dedicated to King Sengge Namgyal.

Khajjar, Himachal Pradesh

Khajjar, Himachal Pradesh

Khajjar, Himachal Pradesh

This beautiful place bears a very striking resemblance to Switzerland’s topography, the well known romanticizing location. Khajjar is located at the foot of Dhauladkar , in the lap of Himalayas and is 2000 meters above sea

Dudhwa national Park _ Uttar Pradesh

Dudhwa national Park _ Uttar Pradesh

Dudhwa national Park _ Uttar Pradesh

Dudhwa National Park is the only National Park in the entire state. There are various species of wildlife animals and birds that can be seen here along with abundant natural resources and lush green vegetation.

Khatling glacier

Khatling glacier

Khatling glacier

Situated at the river Bhalingana’s source is the Khatling glacier , a panoramic site that just takes your breath away.From the glacier , you can see snow capped peaks and several hanging glaciers in the vicinity.

Compiled from Quora

 
1 Comment

Posted by on September 22, 2014 in Adventure, Photography, Trekking

 

Tags: , , ,

Winter treks in Himalayas

Winter treks in Himalayas

Here is the list of options for trekking in Himalayas during this winter season

Chadar Trek

Chadar Trek 2015

Chadar Trek 2015

Dayara Bugyal Winter Trek

Dayara Bugyal Winter Trek

Dayara Bugyal Winter Trek

Kuari Pass Winter Trek

Winter Kuari Pass

Kedarkantha Winter Trek

Kedar-kantha-Trek

Kedar-kantha-Trek

Dodital Trek 

Kedar-kantha-Trek

Kedar-kantha-Trek

 
Leave a comment

Posted by on September 18, 2014 in Photography, Trekking

 

Tags: , , ,

How to do Valley of Flowers Trek

How to do Valley of Flowers Trek

How to do Valley of Flowers Trek

Valley of Flowers is a national park and The UNESCO world heritage site located in the Uttarakhand and about 250 Kms from Haridwar. I am writing this article because there are lot of adventure seekers like me wants to do this trek on their own but are lost in this e-wilderness of internet.

Guide to do Valley of Flowers trek on your own.

Reach Haridwar

First of all reach Haridwar from Delhi by bus or by train and best is reaching Haridwar by train start around 12 in the midnight from Delhi and reach Haridwar by early 5 am. After reaching Haridwar get fresh’n up at railway station and have tea outside railway station.

Route Map

Route Map

Reach Govindghat:

Govindghat is the starting point of Valley of flowers trek. To reach Govindghat catch a GMOU (Garhwal Motor Owners Union) operated  bus “The Vishwanath Sewa” just outside the railway station towards Haridwar bus stand and other options is to hire a taxi. It takes around 10 hours to reach Govindghat. After reaching Govindghat stay in a Hotel at Hotel Bhagat (Deluxe Rooms for Rs 1950 Ph 9412936360). Relax for next day’s trek and alternatively explore the local area.

Hotel Bhagat Govind Ghat

Hotel Bhagat Govind Ghat

Trek to Ghangaria

Start early from Govindghat to Ghangaria. Ghangaria is a small town with few hotels, restaurant and a Gurudwara which serves as the basecamp to the trek of Valley of Flowers and Hemkund Sahib. No mobile networks here. You can book GMVN hotel through their website.

Flowers in Valley of Flowers

Flowers in Valley of Flowers

Trek to Valley of Flowers

Get your lunch packed and start early to enjoy the heaven on earth. After trekking for about 1 kms there is a entry gate for Valley of flowers and pay your entry fee which is Rs. 150 per person. After this gate you will start witnessing the different type of flowers and do forget to hire a botanist with you to get the detailed information about the various flowers in the valley of Flowers. After trekking for 3 Kms you will reach first wooden bridge and there lies a big rock which marks the starting point of the valley of flowers. You can trek upto Tipra Kharak and but generally Trekkers trek upto the Margaret Legge’s memorial grave. You can have your lunch here and return to Ghangaria. Do keep a check on your time and if its raining the water level increases drastically in the streams you crossed, so keep that in mind too.

Trek to Hemkund Sahib or trek back to Govindghat

Next day you can trek to Hemkund Sahib which 6 Kms of steep trek and takes around 5 – 7 hours and remember to reach there before the “Antim Ardas” which happens at around 2 “O” Clock.

This will help you to do Valley of flowers trek on your own and the other option is to book fixed departures of Renok Adventures for Just Rs 9000 per person all inclusive from Haridwar and make trek buddies during the valley of flowers trek.

Cheers !!

 
Leave a comment

Posted by on April 1, 2014 in Photography, Travel, Trekking

 

Tags: , , , , ,

Hampta Pass Trek Blog

Hampta Pass Trek Blog

Hampta Pass Trek Blog by Jai

The Hampta Pass trek is ideal for first-time trekkers as it packs in everything from dark pine forests, open meadows, glacial valleys and an adventurous of a lifetime.

Hampta Pass Trek Blog

Enter a caption

Here is my Hampta Pass Trek blog: The last time I read about them was in dreary textbooks in school, not quite properly assessing the sheer enormity of their presence. It was only recently that everything fell into perspective.

So off we went, into the wilderness of one of the most intimidating yet calming mountain ranges of all time, to witness for ourselves what it would be to be in a place of absolute calm and peace. Our journey commenced from Manali to Prini by road. Then onwards, by foot to Chikha.

As anticipated, the conditions, even for a fit person, were hard-hitting. Sleeping in tents, crossing ice cold rivers and navigating the dense forests were just the beginning of the adventure that lay ahead. When one night, while trying to catch some sleep, I heard a wolf call out, I knew we were in a place where to panic only meant pain. I felt threatened but when there is no other option, it is better to send up a quick prayer and hit the sack.

The Route: Hampta Pass Trek Blog

Day 1: The trek starts with stepping into a forest of deodar, toss, oak and maple trees. The beauty is breathtaking. Soon, we cross a makeshift wooden bridge over the Rani Nalla. On one side are tall deodars that rise to 150 feet. They are so dense that it is difficult for light to reach us. On the way, we cross numerous streams but they are not obstacles in the trek. Soon, the Rani Nalla spreads out into a wide valley. We soon find ourselves in Chikha and start climbing over the grassy ridge. After all the trekking, wholesome and nourishing dinner is served.

Hampta

The Jwara Nalah Crossing: Hampta Pass Trek Blog

Day 2: The morning is brilliant with the sparkling warmth of the sun. By 7 o’clock the camp comes alive. After breakfast, we move from Chikha to Balu-ka-Gera. We cross a stream “Jwara Nalah” and it is a best part of this entire hampta pass trek blog and start an upward climb towards the closed end of the Kullu Valley. The scenery changes rapidly. Below us, snow patches on the valley increases in frequency. Ahead, the snow-covered slopes of the Hampta Pass reveal themselves. Everything is dazzlingly white. The snow looks magnificent. On the way, a dancing stream welcomes us. I take off my shoes and step into the freezing water. The chill freezes my bones but a sense of adventure beckons.

Hampta Pass River Crossing

The Big Day Hampta Pass Crossing

Day 3: No sun, only a light drizzle. We move to Shiagoru via Hampta Pass. The serious climb starts now. It is clear that no one has ever been here before. There are no footprints. The snow is soft and virginal. The pass is a wide plateau. On its eastern flanks are the towering cliffs of the mountain side. On the west, it curves to the left and drops down to Spiti Valley. There is celebration in the air but we make it short because of the rains. We walk down and soon find ourselves in Spiti Valley. We halt and camp in Shiagoru.

Hampta Pass Trek blog

Day 4: The fourth day is a Himalayan blessing. There is no drizzle and the sky is clear. Today is the last trek of our trip. We move towards Chatru and then drive to Chandrataal. It is again a steep climb up to the main trail. The scenery is different. I was expecting it to be barren, but surprisingly the slopes are green—but they are boulder strewn. Another surprise is Chatru itself. There are only five-six houses. I was expecting it to be bigger.

Chandratal Lake

Our plans for Chandratal Lake proves to be a flop, thanks to a sudden landslide on the way to the lake. Instead, we decide to go ahead to the Kunzum Pass. It is one of the highest motorable passes across the Kunzum range at an altitude of 4,551 m. It serves as an entrance pass to the Spiti Valley from Lahaul. Goddess Kunjum (Durga/Parvati) resides in a temple on the Kunzum top and keeps guard over the pass and wards off the evil. Visitors normally do a round of the temple to seek her blessings. We then come down to Batal and set up our camps. It is a village that lies at the foot of the Kunzum Pass and serves as the resting point for tourists. Moreover, the Bara Shigri Glacier and the triangular peaks in the south can be seen from Batal.

Day 5: It is a lazy morning as we’ve partied all night. We start only by 9 am for Manali —and back to civilisation.

Thumb rules

1)One month prior to a wildlife trek, you should build up stamina, muscle strength and flexibility. Running, skipping, pushups and other forms of exercise help.

2)Travel light

3)Carry healthy food like dry fruits, and energy bars.

4)Essentials like a torch, extra batteries, first-aid kit will come in handy.

Region: Himachal (Manali)

Duration: 5 days

Grade: Easy to Moderate

Maximum Altitude: 14,100 ft.

Approx, Trekking KM: 26 km

Source: Indian Express

 

Tags: , , , ,

Hampta Pass Trek

Hampta Pass

Hampta Pass is the most delightful treks in the Manali region, located in Himachal. It is a moderate trek with a scope for varying the duration to suit ones time. Hampta Pass Trek takes us over the majestic foothills of the Himalaya, the Pir Panjal Range, crossing at Hampta Pass (14100 Ft.) –

 

See more at: http://renokadventures.com/558/hampta-pass-trek/#sthash.XZJIXucd.dpuf

Here goes the itinerary for Hampta Pass Trek

Itinerary Detail

Manali

Day 0         Departure

Meet up at Janpath (near Connaught Place) and leave for Manali by Volvo bus. Overnight Journey.

Chika  Day 1

Drive from Manali to Jobra than start trek to Chika (10100 ft)

After breakfast we drive from Manali to Jobra and start our trek to Chika(10,100 feet). While trekking we can see the Rani river on one side and a big rocky hill on the other. Overnight stay at Chika.

Balu Ka Ghera Day 2

Chika (10100 ft) to Balu ka Ghera (11900 ft) .5 hrs easy ascent.

The third day trek is a gradual ascent. While trekking we will be able to see the spectacular Dauladar range. We have lunch in Balu Ka Gera.

Siagoru   Day 3

Balu ka Gera (11900 ft) to Siagoru (12900 ft) Crossing Hampta Pass (14100 ft).

This is the most spectacular part of the trek as we cross the Hampta Pass and then descend to our camp site in Siagoru. It will take us approximately 8hrs to reach Siagoru. The ascent on this part of the trek will be moderate.

Chandra Tal  Day 4

 Siagoru (12900 ft) to Chatru (11000 ft) 4 hrs. Drive to Chandra Tal.

This day we have an easy descent through the Hampta Valley. The massive mountains of the Pir Panjal and Spiti ranges dominate the entire landscape till the camp site at Chatru. Chatru is a confluence point of paths from Rohtang Pass, Hamta Pass and Spiti. From Chatru if road and weather condition permit we head to the Chandra Tal camp site.

Manali

Day 5

Drive from Chandra tal to Manali via the Rohtang Pass

In the morning after breakfast we leave for Manali via the Rohtang Pass. Trek ends

– See more at: http://renokadventures.com/558/hampta-pass-trek/#sthash.XZJIXucd.dpuf

 

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Dayara Bugyal – Simple yet Beautiful

Dayara Bugyal – The biggest meadow of Uttarakhand

Bugyal in the local mountain dialect means “High Altitude Meadow”. Trekking to Dayara Bugyal is one of the most beautiful places in Uttaranchal, situated at an elevation ranging from 10,000 – 12,000 ft. This vast meadow is second to none in natural beauty in Uttarakhand trekking circuit. The possibility of Nordic as well as Alpine skiing are immense here, since during winter it provides one of the best ski slopes in India spread over an area of 28 sq/kms, one can combine a trek and ski during winter trekking season.

Dayara Bugyal trek starts from two places Barsu and Raithal. The road to Dayara Bugyal branches off near Bhatwari- a little township on Uttarkashi Gangotri road about 35 kms. From Uttarkashi, Vehicles can go up to the village of Raithal from where one has to trek a steep incline covering a distance of about 7 kms to reach Dayara and the other route is via village Barsu, 10 kms from Bhatwari from where one has to trek about 8kms to Dayara Bugyal.

Gray langurs or Hanuman langurs, the most widespread langurs of South Asia, are a group of Old World monkeys constituting the entirety of the genus Semnopithecus.

Monal – State Bird of Uttarakhand

This is the best time for birding as all the birds descends from high altitude to lower altitudes due to drop in temperatures.

If some one wants to do this trek here is the ideal itinerary

Day 1 Dehradun to Guest House at Barsu

Arrive at Dehradun/Haridwar in the morning, freshen up, have breakfast and leave for Barsu village Lunch on the way. Arrive at Camp by late afternoon and relax with a hot cup of tea and prepare yourself for trekking in Himalayas. The camp overlooks the Himalayan peaks of Gangotri I, II and III, Jaunli, Draupdi ka Danda and Srikanth.

Days 2 Barsu – Barnala (2700 m) 4 km / 4 hr

Have an early breakfast and get ready for a trekking to Barnala lake (2700 m) about 5 hours away. Trek through the dense forest of Pine and Oak trees. Lunch enroute. Reach Barnala by late afternoon. Explore the forest around the lake and do some bird watching. Barnala is great for bird watching, the most common birds here Whistling Thrush, Red Finch, Monal Pheasant, Koklas etc. Overnight stay in tents.

Day 3 Barnala – Dayara (3250 m) 5 km / 4 hr

Have breakfast and prepare to trek to Dayara. Hot lunch on arrival. The bugyals (meadows), spread over 28 sq kms, are grazing grounds for sheep and cattle and have a 360 degree view of the Himalayas. Spend rest of day walking around the meadows. Overnight stay in tents

Day 4 Dayara – Raithal 7 km / 4 hr

Wake up to a lovely sunrise and walk a little higher for a nice view of Bandarpoonch (6500 mtrs). After breakfast, we will start trekking to village Raithal. Reach camp by early evening. Relax with a hot cup of tea and sumptuous dinner with bonfire. Overnight stay in tents.

Days 5 Raithal – Dehradun / Haridwar

After breakfast leave for Dehradun/Haridwar. Lunch on way, arrive by late afternoon and catch train to go home..

Renok Adventures is having a fixed departure on various dates 3rd November, 10th November and 29th December. For more details please follow the link  www.renokadventures.com

 
3 Comments

Posted by on September 27, 2012 in Adventure, Mountaineering, Photography, Travel

 

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Trans Himalayan Jeep Expedition Manali to Leh

We did an amazing trip of Greater Himalayas crossing 7 Worlds highest motorable road and did some crazy adventures, all thanks to Ladakh tour organised by Renok Adventures – the great adventure company. We all reached Manali on 16th July morning the date to begin the Jeep Expedition. We had a breakfast n got fresh in hotel. We loaded our luggage in our jeep Qualis, our driver Mr. Tule Ram is an awesome driver this was my second trip and I can trust him with my life on curvaceous and tricky mountain roads.

In the first part I will be covering our adventurous journey from Manali to Leh and in Second part our excursion to Pangong Lake and Nubra Valley

We started around 11 and our first big stop was Marhi where we did first adventures activities Paragliding.

Paragliding in Manali

Marhi is a small stopover on the way to Rohtang Pass (14000 Ft), We negotiated a deal for 7 of us to do Paragliding. Yugantar had a small misadventure, his take off was not proper so he slid with the parachute for some distance. He had small bruises on hand and leg.

After doing paragliding we set cross Rohtang Pass our first high altitude pass. There was 8 to 11 ft of snow on both side of the road. Rishin was fully charged up at this point of time he didn’t know what is coming in next few days.

Rishin All Charged Up

Push Up 1 2 3

After fun n masti at Rohtang top we started again and stopped at Khoksar for Lunch. We had awesome Rajma, Dal, Mutton and Rice. Kokhsar is the first village on this route in Lahaul and Spiti region of Himachal Pradesh. Here one need to stop to get police work done. Our plan was to stay at Sarchu but we got late so we will be staying in Keylong today. Our driver paid the homage to Raja Ghaipan at Sissu and we filled diesel in Tandi which is the last Petrol Pump on this route and sign clearly says next petrol pump 365 KM ahead.

We stayed in a hotel with nice view had sumptuous dinner and slept. Morning the view was amazing.

Morning Glory

Morning we started early around 6 AM after a good tea and stopped at Darcha for breakfast. Today was the toughest day of the entire journey, four of the world’s highest passes, 350 KMs and road conditions (You can say No Roads) were bad.

First pass came Baralacha La at the height of 4980 metres. The steep ascent to Baralacha La start at the place called ZingZingBar, One who loves to drink barely misses it and there is a bar by the same name in Manali. This pass connects the Lahaul district of Himachal Pradesh to that of Ladakh. The Bhaga river, a tributary of the Chandrabhaga or Chenab river, originates from Surya taal lake, which is situated a few of kilometers from the pass towards Manali. The other major tributary of the Chandrabhaga, the Chandra also originates from glacier in this region. Both the rivers originates from the two sides of the pass and meet to become Chandrabhaga River and the same river becomes Chenab entering Pakistan.

Suraj Taal

To be continued in part 2

More Photos on Facebook Album here:

https://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.330249997060195.76819.186325284786001&type=3

 

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

 
%d bloggers like this: